Example Of Adolescent Nutrition Case Study

Published: 2021-06-21 23:45:09
essay essay

Category: Food, Disorders, Discrimination, Body, Eating

Type of paper: Essay

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Question One
Based on the anthropometric indices provided, the weight status of the first client; Jacob would be considered normal weight. This can be determined through the calculation of the clients Body Mass Index. The calculation of Jacob’s Body Mass Index is shown below:
Weight: 140 pounds
Height: 5 Feet 3 Inches
The Body Mass Index is often calculated using the following formula:
Body Mass Index = Weight (in kilograms)/Height (in square metres)
Convert the anthropometric indices of the client to the required figures; weight to be in kilograms then height to be in metres.
1 pound is equal to 0.453592 kilograms
140 pounds = (140 x 0.453592)
Jacobs’s weight in kilograms is 63.5
1 foot is equal to 12 inches
5 feet’s is (5 x 12) equal to 60 inches
Jacob’s height in inches is 60+3= 63 inches
1 inch is equal to 2.54 centimetres
63 inches are equal to (63 x 2.54) = 160.02 Centimetres
Jacobs height in metres is 160/100 = 1.6 metres
Therefore, Jacob’s Body Mass Index is 63.5/ (1.6 x 1.6) = 63.5/2.56 = 24.8
Jacob’s Body Mass Index is 24.8 Kilograms/height in square metres
According to the CDC Body Mass Index chart, normal Body Mass Index Ranges from 18.5 to 24.9 (Williams, 2012).
Deductively, Jacob’s weight status is normal.
Question Two
Based on the anthropometric indices provided, the weight status of the second client; Mollie would be considered underweight. This can be determined through the calculation of the clients Body Mass Index. The calculation of Mollie’s Body Mass Index is shown below:
Weight: 110 pounds
Height: 5 Feet 5 Inches
The Body Mass Index is often calculated using the following formula:
Body Mass Index = Weight (in kilograms)/Height (in square metres)
Convert the anthropometric indices of the client to the required figures; weight to be in kilograms then height to be in metres.
1 pound is equal to 0.453592 kilograms
110 pounds = (110 x 0.453592)
Mollie’s weight in kilograms is 49.8952
1 foot is equal to 12 inches
5 feet’s is (5 x 12) equal to 60 inches
Mollie’s height in inches is 60+5= 65 inches
1 inch is equal to 2.54 centimetres
65 inches is equal to (65 x 2.54) = 165.1 Centimetres
Mollie’s height in metres is 165.1/100 = 1.651 metres
Therefore, Mollie’s Body Mass Index is 49.8952/ (1.651 x 1.651) = 49.8952/2.725 = 18.3
Mollie’s Body Mass Index is 18.3 kilograms/height in square metres
According to the CDC Body Mass Index chart, any weight below 18.5 is considered to be underweight (Williams, 2012).
Deductively, Mollie’s weight status is underweight.
Question Three: Three Eating Disorders
The commonly known eating disorders include the following.
- Anorexia Nervosa
This eating disorder occurs in cases where an individual starves themselves. This mainly occurs in individuals whom dread gaining weight (Fairburn & Brownell, 2002). This eating disorder results in massive loss of an individual’s body weight.
- Binge eating disorder
This condition is characterized be excessive food intake beyond the recommended amounts. Individuals with this disorder engage in continuous, impulsive, and uncontrolled eating up to a point where they are full (Fairburn & Brownell, 2002).
- Bulimia Nervosa
This eating disorder occurs in cases where individual eats impulsively then forces themselves to vomit the consumed food.
Question Four
Based on the information provided on the current clients, it can be deduced that of the two client’s, Mollie is one suffering from an eating disorder. Precisely, Mollie suffers from anorexia nervosa. The firs symptom that led me to this conclusion is the primary fact that she fears to eat high energy dense diet such as meat because she thinks such foods would mess up her athletics. The second sign that shows that Mollie suffers from anorexia nervosa is the fact that she has experienced episodes of weight loss in the recent past. Worth noting is the fact that weight loss is a substantive indicator of anorexia nervosa (Fairburn & Brownell, 2002).
Question Five
There is various reason as to why adolescents are more prone to eating disorders. More importantly, adolescents have a tendency of adoring models who are often deem be thin. As such, adolescents, especially girls are likely to suffer from anorexia nervosa as they seek to restrict food intake in order to attain body shapes similar to those of models (Fairburn & Brownell, 2002). In addition, adolescence stage is characterized by an increased occurrence of stress. In such cases, adolescents may resort to binge eating as a way of coping with stress.
Question six
Two gender similarities associated with eating disorders align with the fact that both genders are likely to engage in binge eating as a way of coping with life pressures that affect both genders in an equal magnitude. In addition, eating disorders may appear to be similar amongst males and females, especially obese ones who may suffer from bulimia nervosa. This is because obese females and males are likely to induce vomiting on themselves as a way of controlling their eating (Fairburn & Brownell, 2002). On the other hand, gender differences align with the fact that women are more likely to suffer from anorexia nervosa. This is because females are fond of “watching” their weights for the sake of their body shapes than it is the case in men. On another note, gender differences may be aligned with the fact that men may engage in binge eating as a way of gaining desired heave male weight.
Question Seven
Based on the information provided, I would recommend that Jacob engage in aerobic exercise for close to 150 minutes spread out throughout the week. In addition, Jacob should carry out strength training two to three times in week (Williams, 2012). By adhering to such an exercise schedule, Jacob will be able to live a healthy and productive lifestyle. Concerning Jacobs diet intake, I will recommend him to ensure that he consumes 6 to 12 servings of cereals, 5 servings of legumes and vegetables, 2 fruit servings, 2 servings of dairy products, 1 serving of lean meat, poultry, fish and nuts, and 0-3 servings of extra foods, which he should spread throughout the various meals he consumes in a day.
Question Eight
Based on the information regarding Mollie, I would suggest that she should increase her food consumption levels since she is underweight; hence, may be predisposed to conditions resulting from reduced food intake. Since she is a vegan, I would recommend that Mollie consume the following food servings. More than six servings of whole grains, more than five servings of legumes, soy foods, and nuts, more than four vegetable servings, two fruit servings and two tablespoons of oil on a daily basis. This will certainly offer a comprehensive platform where Mollie can live a healthy lifestyle.
References
Fairburn, C. G., & Brownell, K. D. (2002). Eating disorders and obesity: A comprehensive handbook. New York: Guilford.
Williams, M.H. (2012) Nutrition for health, fitness, & sport (10th Ed.) New York: McGraw- Hill.

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